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Responsible person in charge of the Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment responded to a reporter's question on the "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment"

来源:生态环境部 阅读量:16999 2019-12-21 15:46:31 Source: Ministry of Ecology and Environment Reading: 16999

Introduction: The revised “Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment” has the following characteristics: First, it is more instructive and operable, which can effectively guide planning agencies to better carry out planning environmental impact assessment work. Secondly, the whole process links the requirements of the "three-line, one-single" system, technology, and results, providing technical support for the dynamic integration of planning and implementation with regional ecological and environmental quality goals and management requirements. The third is to implement the spirit of the “evaluation and management service” reform of the environmental impact assessment, further strengthen the technical guidance at the macro level, and provide support for simplifying the content of the environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has recently revised and issued the "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines" (HJ 130-2019) (hereinafter referred to as the "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines"). Regarding the main content and revision points of the “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines”, relevant persons in charge of the Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment answered questions from reporters.
Q: What is the background and significance of the revision of the Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment?
Answer: In recent years, Xi Jinping ’s thoughts on ecological civilization have continued to deepen in practice. The “Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People ’s Republic of China” (revised in 2016) and the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” Ecological Environmental Protection Plan (Guo Fa [2016] No. 65) and The Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Strengthening Ecological Environment Protection and Resolutely Fighting Pollution Prevention and Control (Zhongfa [2018] No. 17) and other requirements put forward new requirements for planning environmental impact assessment; along with innovative work such as “three lines and one order” in the region The in-depth advancement and reform of the management method of environmental impact assessment of construction projects, the environmental impact assessment system has also undergone new changes, and needs to be coordinated from a technical perspective. At the same time, the "Guidelines for Technical Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment" (HJ130-2014) still have problems in practice, such as technical requirements, results, etc., which are not clear enough and their operability needs to be enhanced. Therefore, in order to meet the new requirements of environmental protection work, promote the orderly connection of planning and environmental assessment work, and improve the operability of technology, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment initiated this revision.
The revised "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines" has the following characteristics: First, it is more instructive and operable, and can effectively guide planning agencies to better carry out planning environmental impact assessment work. Secondly, the whole process links the requirements of the "three-line, one-single" system, technology, and results, providing technical support for the dynamic integration of planning and implementation with regional ecological and environmental quality goals and management requirements. The third is to implement the spirit of the “evaluation and management service” reform of the environmental impact assessment, further strengthen the technical guidance at the macro level, and provide support for simplifying the content of the environmental impact assessment of construction projects.
Q: What are the key revisions of the General Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment?
Answer: The revised "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines" mainly includes the foreword, fifteen parts of technical content and six appendixes. Compared with the original guidelines, the revised content is mainly reflected in the following aspects:
First, the work goals are more clear. The revised “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines” proposes that planning and environmental assessment work should aim at improving environmental quality and guaranteeing ecological security, demonstrate the rationality and ecological benefits of the planning scheme, and propose suggestions for optimization and adjustment of planning; Mitigation measures, put forward proposals for ecological environmental protection and management control requirements, and provide a basis for ecological environment management during planning decisions and implementation.
The second is to accurately distinguish between work processes and technical processes. The revised "Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines" divides the evaluation process into work processes and technical processes. The work process mainly specifies the management process for conducting the planning and environmental assessment. It emphasizes the requirements for early involvement of the planning and environmental assessment and interaction with the planning process. The process mainly stipulates the technical links of the planning environmental impact assessment, and highlights the link between the planning environmental impact assessment and the “three fronts and one order” work.
The third is to highlight the issue orientation and make the survey content more standardized. In order to ensure the representativeness and continuity of the data, the revised “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines” proposes that “status surveys should be based on the collection and use of existing conventional status data within the scope of the evaluation” and “the data include in principle the last 5 years Or longer period of time "," When the existing data cannot meet the evaluation requirements, supplementary investigation or monitoring is necessary ". In order to avoid the stacking of survey data on the status quo that is unrelated to the planned environmental impact characteristics and regional environmental characteristics, the revised “Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines” proposes that in the actual work, the corresponding content should be selected to conduct surveys and surveys according to the planned environmental impact characteristics and regional environmental objectives. The purpose of the evaluation is to focus on key issues.
The fourth is to strengthen scenario forecasting, and support for planning optimization and adjustment is stronger. The revised “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines” proposes that a variety of scenarios should be set in terms of planning scale, layout, structure, etc., based on the resource, environment and infrastructure construction conditions, regional ecological function maintenance, and environmental quality improvement requirements on which the planning relies. To carry out environmental impact forecasting and evaluation, one is to consider the uncertainty of the implementation of the plan, and the other is to provide practical support for the optimization and adjustment of the plan. At the same time, the planning plan recommended by the combination of scenario prediction and optimization adjustment should also be evaluated to verify that it meets the regional requirements. Eco-environment target requirements.
The fifth is to strengthen the guidance of results and clarify the requirements for results output. The revised "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines" emphasized the following aspects: ① Planning coordination analysis should clearly identify the contradictions and conflicts between the plan and other policies and plans; ② Current situation investigation and evaluation should specify the regional ecological environment The current situation and the ecological environment constraints existing in the implementation of the plan; ③ Prediction and evaluation of the environmental impact should clearly define the scope and extent of the environmental impact of the implementation of the plan, and whether it meets the requirements of ecological environmental protection; ④ Planning optimization adjustment recommendations should further optimize the positioning, layout, scale, Structure, construction sequence, etc., and use the optimized and adjusted planning plan as the recommended plan for evaluation; ⑤ Environmental impact mitigation countermeasures and measures must clearly propose ecological environmental protection plans and control requirements.
Question: How does the "Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines" interface with the "three lines and one order" system?
A: According to the relevant provisions of the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Strengthening Ecological Environment Protection and Resolutely Fighting Pollution Prevention and Control", the "Implementation Plan of Regional Space Ecological Environment Assessment Work", "Implementation Plan of the" 13th Five-Year Plan "Environmental Impact Assessment Reform Implementation Plan" and other relevant regulations, It is necessary to basically establish a regional environmental impact assessment system. The existing planning environmental impact assessment needs to be effectively linked with the regional environmental impact assessment system to improve the source prevention and control system. The revised “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines” has been added with the “three-line, one-single” work, including the chapter on environmental status investigation and evaluation, and added relevant content and requirements for the “three-line, one-single” in the analysis area; The evaluation chapter requires analysis of whether the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and the use of resources can be fulfilled after the implementation of the plan; the comprehensive demonstration of the planning plan and the section of recommendations for optimization and adjustment clarify the planning plan based on the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of environmental quality, and the use of resources Environmental rationality demonstration and optimization and adjustment requirements; the chapter on environmental impact mitigation measures puts forward the content requirements for compiling the ecological environment access checklist, which effectively achieves the effective connection of planning environmental impact assessment and regional “three lines and one order”.
Question: How to guide the joint action of project EIA and planning EIA in the General Guidelines for Planning EIA?
Answer: The simplification of the project environmental assessment is based on the premise that the planning environmental assessment is completed with high quality. The revised "Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Planning" have separate chapters on the technical requirements for environmental impact assessment of construction projects included in the plan, including the content that should be focused on in the environmental impact assessment of construction projects included in the plan, and the judgment principles that can simplify the content. For specific construction projects that meet the environmental management and control requirements of the planning environmental impact assessment and the ecological environment access checklist, according to the content of the environmental impact assessment of the construction project, sections such as project location and line selection, planning analysis, and status survey (data are still time-sensitive) can be simplified.
Q: What measures will the Ministry of Ecology and Environment take to ensure the smooth implementation of the “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment”?
Answer: To ensure the smooth implementation of the “Guidelines for Planning and Environmental Assessment Guidelines”, we will focus on the following tasks.
The first is to strengthen the promotion and training of the master plan. After the master plan is released, we will organize training for local ecological environment authorities, planning and environmental assessment agencies, planning agencies, and relevant experts, and systematically interpret the purpose, main content, and results requirements of the master plan revision.
The second is to strengthen the daily supervision and management of planning and environmental assessment. By conducting spot checks on planning environmental impact assessment reports in key areas, problems are found and corrected in a timely manner. Units and major compilers who have falsified the planning environmental impact assessment and the report does not meet the requirements of the general outline, and cannot make effective recommendations for planning optimization adjustment, will adopt Actively conduct interviews and notifications to increase pressure transmission to technical compilation institutions, and promote planning environmental impact assessment to be standardized in accordance with technical guidelines, improve quality, and play a supporting role in planning decisions.
Original title: Relevant person in charge of the Environmental Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment responded to a reporter's question on the “Guidelines for Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines”

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